3RUpdate (2017)

A 3R (Refine Reduce and Replace animal experimentation) course about retrieval skills and Open Information, as tools for better biomedical and preclinical research validity

How? What? Why?

4 steps

1. Online beginner - 50min

2. Online beginner test - 30min

3. Homework - 60min

4. Face2face advanced - 3h30

Course content
  • Search strings: alerts and systematic reviews
  • Reporting of search methodology: FormA
  • ARRIVES and GSPC guidelines and Open Access: research paper


  • 3R information: disseminated and access may be difficult
  • Scientific publication: changed a lot the last 15 years
  • Researchers: not necessarly trained to scientific information literacy